PHILIPPINE HERITAGE MONTH 2020
30 Days of Philippine Heritage
With government restrictions on physical distancing still in place, Philippine Arts Council celebrates Canada Philippine Heritage Month this year with 30 DAYS OF PHILIPPINE HERITAGE - snippets of information on Filipino-Canadians and Philippine culture and traditions, each day, for 30 days, in the month of June.
Watch out for posts here and in the Philippine Arts Council's social media accounts in Facebook, Instagram and Twitter.
#PHM #PhilippineHeritageMonth #Filipino #Heritage #30days
The Right Honourable Justin Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Consul General Zaldy B. Patron,
Philippine Consulate General, Calgary
The Honourable Jason Kenney
Premier of Alberta
Canadian Proclamation of Philippine Heritage Month
On October 30, 2018, the House of Commons of Canada adopted Motion 155 declaring June as Filipino Heritage Month in Canada from coast to coast, in a unanimous vote. Federal Liberal Salma Zahid, who is Member of Parliament for Scarborough Centre in Ontario, sponsored the motion beginning in February 2018.
In her privilege speech, MP Zahid said, "This motion recognizes, celebrates and raises awareness of the Filipino community in Canada. It is also a way of showing our Government's official appreciation of the Filipino community for their important contribution throughout Canadian history and for helping to make our country the rich and vibrant place it is today."
Proclamation of Philippine Heritage Month in Alberta
On Friday June 1, 2018, the office of Deputy Premier Sarah Hoffman announced that Premier Rachel Notley and Lieutenant Governor Lois Mitchell have signed the proclamation making the month of June as Philippine Heritage Month in perpetuity. This month coincides with the annual celebrations of Philippine Independence Day across Canada. This made Alberta the first and only province to proclaim Philippine Heritage Month.
“Alberta is the proud home to the second-largest Filipino population in the country. For decades, Filipinos have enriched our province with their culture, their languages and their skills.” - Premier Rachel Notley
On June 25, 2018, the NDP Caucus hosted a Celebration of Philippine Heritage Month at the Federal Building, with the Filipino community.
Municipal Declarations of Philippine Heritage Month in Canada
In 2018, municipal declarations of June as Philippine Heritage Month were made in the Cities of Edmonton, Calgary and Fort Saskatchewan, along with the Alberta provincial proclamation.
In November 2017, the Toronto City Council also voted unanimously to designate June as Filipino Heritage Month.
Filipinos in Canada
Filipinos in Canada numbered around 901,218 in April 2018, comprising a mix of naturalized Canadians, permanent residents and temporary foreign workers (TFWs). This number comprises almost 2.6% of Canada’s national population.
The Philippines continues to be the top source of immigrants (15.58% of the total new immigrants) to the country.
Filipino and Filipino-Canadian population in the country are concentrated in 4 Canadian provinces – Ontario, Alberta, British Columbia, and Manitoba – as more than 90% of them reside and work in those provinces. It should be noted, however, that the top destination for Filipino immigrants during the period 2011 to 2016 was Alberta.
The Philippines is an ethnically diverse country with over 150 languages. Aside from Filipino/Tagalog, major languages include Aklanon, Basian, Bikol, Cebuano, Chavacano, Hiligaynon, Ibanag, Ilocano, Ilonggo, Ivatan, Maranao, Tagalog, Kapampangan, Kinaray-a, Waray, Maguindanao, Pangasinan, Sambal, Surigaonon, Tausug, and Yakan.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Phils: Baroque Churches
Four churches in the Philippines are in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites - the San Agustin Church, Paoay Church, Miagao Church, and Sta. Maria Church - four Roman Catholic churches constructed between the 16th and the18th centuries in the Spanish period of the Philippines.
The churches are outstanding examples of the Philippine interpretation of the Baroque style, and represent the fusion of European church design and construction with local materials and decorative motifs to form a new church-building tradition.
Adobo, considered the national dish of Filipinos, is a dark stew of chicken and/or pork cooked in soy sauce, vinegar, crushed garlic, bay leaf, and black peppercorns. In Spanish, adobo originally meant “sauce” or “seasoning.” The Filipino version is actually indigenous to the islands, dating back to a dish cooked up long before Magellan’s arrival.
The Philippine national flag consists of horizontal stripes of blue and red with a white hoist triangle incorporating a golden sun and three stars. The three golden stars stand for the three main areas in the Philippines—Luzon, Visayas (originally Panay) and Mindanao. The eight sun rays were for the provinces where the original anti-Spanish revolt had broken out. The horizontal stripes represent: blue - for the willingness to sacrifice oneself for freedom, over red - for courage. When the flag is flipped with the red side up, it indicates a state of war.
The jeepney is sometimes referred to as the “King of the Philippine roads.” It is a descendant of the Jeeps American troops drove in the Philippines during World War II. In the early 1950s, jeepneys began making their rounds in Manila. Soon, they became a solution to the post-war public transportation problem.
Jeepneys are famously characterized by their vibrant, multicolored paint jobs and flashy decor, so much so that through the years, they have become a symbol of the country and its culture.
UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Philippines: Historic City of Vigan
Vigan in Ilocus Sur is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as the most intact example in Asia of a planned Spanish colonial town, established in the 16th century. Its architecture reflects the coming together of cultural elements from elsewhere in the Philippines and from China with those of Europe and Mexico to create a unique culture and townscape without parallels anywhere in East and South-East Asia.
Vigan is unique for having preserved much of its Hispanic colonial character, particularly its grid street pattern and historic urban layout. Its significance also lies on how the different architectural influences are blended to create a homogenous townscape.
Filipino Martial Arts
Kali, escrima, arnis, are ancient and traditional indigenous combat system rooted in the Philippines. It consists of different techniques: empty hands, stick & blade fighting.
It can be seen in the choreography of action scenes on film and tv like the Bourne series, Captain America: the Winter Soldier, Taken 2, Quantum of Solace, 300, Rambo 3.